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History of Belize

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200 - 800 A.D.
Maya cities flourish all through Belize.
900- 1500 A.D.
Maya cultural decline in Southern and Central America
1520s
Cortes crosses Southern Belize
1530s
Montejo attempts to conquer Belize for Spain. Nachankan and Belize Maya defeated Spanish.
1650s
British buccaneers begin to settle Belizean coast.
1660
Bartholomew Sharpe, famous British pirate, makes Belize his base and begins to harvest logwood for sale to U.K.
1670
Godolphin (Madrid) Treaty opening all of the Americas to British colonization.
1717
Spanish force from Peten drives out Baymen.
1720s
First record of African slaves in Belize.
1754
Spanish drive out Baymen who return within a year.
1763
Treaty of Paris: Spain permitted British settlers to cut logwood; no boundaries defined.
1765
Admiral Burnaby codified Settlement's Regulations, known as "Burnaby's Code". Public meetings passed resolutions boundaries of logwood works
1765/68/73
Slaves' revolts.
1779
Spanish forces capture Belize and take Baymen and slaves to Yucatan. Slaves freed after declaring loyalty to Spain. Baymen sent to Cuba.
1783
Treaty of Versailles: Spain recognizes British rights to cut logwood in Belize between the Hondo and Belize Rivers.
1784
Settlers return to Belize; Despard appointed first Superintendent of the settlement.
1786
Convention of London expands British rights in Belize to the Sibun and permits mahogany cutting.
1787
British evacuate Mosquito Shore and 2,214 "Shoremen" and their slaves came to Belize. Public meeting determined qualifications for owning mahogany works.
1788
Maya attacked mahogany works on New River.
1798
Battle of St. George's Caye.
1802
150 Garifuna already settled at Stann Creek.
1807
Abolition of slave trade:-British domains.
1817
Superintendent takes away power of settlers to issue lands; large body of runaway slaves reported in the interior.
1820
Slave revolt.
1821
Mexican and Central American independence.
1831
Act passed to give equal rights to "colored subjects" as to whites.
1832
Large number of Garifuna arrive in Belize (Garifuna Settlement Day- November 19th ).
1834/38
Slavery abolished. Land ordered to be sold and no longer issued free.
1847
War of the Castes in Yucatan sends thousands of refugees into Belize.
1856
North side of Belize City destroyed by fire.
1859
British- Guatemala Treaty establishes modern boundaries of Belize. British Honduras Company (later B.E.C.) formed.
1862
Belize becomes a Colony of "British Honduras".
1865
Labourers brought from West Indian islands and China, especially for work on sugar estates of B.H. Co.
1866
British troops routed by Maya in Yalbac Hills.
1867
Reinforced British Troops destroy Maya villages and crops in Yalbac.
1871
Belize declared a Crown Colony after Assembly dissolved itself in 1870. Three of the four unofficial members in new Legislative Councilrepresent landed interests.
 1894Constables mutiny. Belizeans workers riot for better pay.
 1906Belize City gets electricity.
 1914World War I - Many Belizeans volunteers served in Egypt, Mesopotamia & Palestine.
1919
Belizean troops riot upon return home.
 1922Marcus Garvey visits Belize.
 1929Great Depression begins.
 1931Great Hurricane - over 2,000 dead.
 1933Guatemala re- asserts claim to Belize.
 1934Antonio Soberanis leads workers protests.
 1939World War II- Belizeans soldier see action in Italy & Egypt.
 1949B.H. dollar devalued.
 1950Founding of the P.U.P.
 1952National strike led by General Workers Union.
 1954Vote for all adults.
 1964Self Government.
 1968The "Webster Proposals": Draft treaty presented by U.S.A. media tor for Anglo- Guatemalan dispute, rejected by government and people.
 1970sInternalization of Belize's cause.
 1971Belize joins CARIFTA. Belmopan becomes capital of Belize.
 1973Country's name legally changed to "Belize". Aliens Landholding Ordinance passed.
 1975First pro- Belize resolution passed by General Assembly of United Nations.
 1976Belize given "special status" in Non-Aligned Movement.
 1981Independence.
Belize joins Commonwealth, United Nations and Non- Aligned Movement. George Price of the People's United Party (PUP) is the first Prime Minister
 1984PUP is defeated for the first time in 30 years. Manuel Esquivel of the United Democratic Party (U.D.P.) becomes the Prime Minister of Belize.
 1986Belize's first university open.
 1989PUP wins general elections and George Price is again named Prime Minister.
 199012 years after its formation, three Belizeans take command of the Belize Defence Force (B.D.F.) as Commandant of BDF, Guard Commander, and Commander of Air & Maritime Wing.
 1991Guatemalan President Jorge Serrano Elias recognizes Belize's right to self determination ten years after independence. Belize is admitted into the Organization of American States (OAS).
 1992Guatemalan Constitutional Court upholds President Serrano's decision to recognize Belize as an independent state and to establish diplomatic relations.
 1993UDP with Prime Minister Esquivel has a second term in office after the P.U.P. government calls elections early.
1994
Responsibility for Belize's defense changes from British Forces to the Belize Defence Force as the British garrison withdraws from the country..
 1996Hon. George Cadle Price steps aside after 40 years as leader of the PUP.  Said Musa becomes the new Party Leader.
 1998PUP returns to power with Said Musa as Prime Minister of Belize. Dean Barrow becomes the UDP's Party Leader.
 2001Maya in Belize sign Declaration of Ancestral Rights. UNESCO proclaims The Garifuna Culture as a Masterpiece of an Intangible and Oral Heritage.
 2003PUP wins general election to become the first government to serve two consecutive terms since Independence.   Said Musa is Prime Minister.
 2008UDP under Prime Minister Dean Barrow forms the new government .
 *2000AD-1981 Information extracted from:
 (2009)Toward an independent Belize .A history of Belize: Nation in the making. Retrieved from http://www.belizenet.com/history.html.

 
 

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